Can Poppy Seeds Cause a False Positive Urine Test For the Opiate Codeine?


Poppy seeds (Papaver somniferum) are integral to many baked goods. Still, too much consumption may lead to a false positive urine test for codeine, potentially giving false hope that an overdose has occurred. Get the Best information about dried poppy pods (unwashed).

Organic solvents of HPLC grade and deuterated morphine were used for extracting alkaloids from poppy seeds, with results being analyzed via GC-MS.

Benefits of Poppy Seeds

Poppy seeds contain essential nutrients such as fiber, protein, fats, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, and potassium, which help lower blood pressure, treat mouth ulcers, and enhance fertility.

Poppy seeds are also an excellent source of B-complex vitamins like thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, and niacin. Furthermore, iron acts as a natural blood purifier by raising hemoglobin count – providing optimal oxygen supply to the brain for cognitive functioning.

Regular consumption of poppy seed tea may provide relief from anxiety and depression. In addition, the alkaloid in its seeds, morphine, can alleviate joint pain while decreasing swelling.

Skin Care

One man developed an opioid use disorder after drinking tea made from ground poppy seeds (PST). He purchased PST from local farmers and retailers to ease chronic pain, believing its combination of morphine and codeine was superior to prescription opioids.

This case illustrates an unconventional means of opioid consumption – drinking PST – leading to OUD in primary care. Though primary care providers can prescribe BUP as treatment, most people suffering from OUD don’t seek help through addiction programs.

Hair Care

Poppy seed oil or seeds from Khus Khud can be an excellent remedy to both treat dandruff and promote hair growth, thanks to their abundant source of linoleic acid, which restores the lipid barrier on your scalp, thus improving hair hydration and strength.

Combine with hung curd and pepper to form a paste and apply twice weekly to the scalp to eliminate dandruff, promote hair growth, and moisturize, soften, and make shiny, healthy locks.

Poppy seeds improve blood flow to the scalp, increasing collagen and elastin production for improved hair health. Rich in insoluble fiber, the content aids digestion while preventing constipation.

Mouth Ulcers

Mouth ulcers are usually harmless; however, if they persist for more than several weeks, it’s wise to visit your GP, as they could recommend medication or mouthwash to alleviate symptoms.

Poppy seed tea (PST) contains high levels of morphine and may lead to opioid use disorder (OUD). This case represents the first published account of PST-related OUD being treated successfully with buprenorphine in primary care settings.

Comparing various sources of poppy seeds revealed wide variations in morphine and codeine levels across them, especially source #2, which had significantly more noscapine. No indication was found of thebaine presence.

Blood Pressure

Poppy seeds may help lower blood pressure and promote better nighttime sleep patterns. Their magnesium-rich composition improves the quality and duration of restful slumber – this may reduce risks related to high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease.

Oyphates in food may be rare, yet certain foods can lead to false positive test results on drug screens that lead to overdiagnosis and overtreatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). Furthermore, eating large quantities of seeds containing opium has been shown to lead to addiction and overdose – particularly for those who consume contaminated poppy seed tea products that pose the highest risk of OUD.

Heart Health

People who consume large amounts of poppy seed tea (PST) could be at an increased risk for opioid use disorder (OUD). Patients consuming PST could destroy hundreds of milligram equivalents daily, increasing their likelihood of overdose and death.

EFSA’s assessment of available scientific literature revealed that the amount of morphine alkaloids present in poppy seeds varies considerably and can be affected by many different factors, including washing, drying, and baking (among others), the origin of the crop as well as grinding and baking of seeds (Koleva et al. 2012 and Sproll et al. 2006). In addition, grinding or baking may reduce levels (Koleva et al. 2012 and Sproll et al. 2006).

As extraction methods may affect results, the EFSA continues to monitor this supply chain and will identify products identified as potentially contaminated by this monitoring effort.


Poppy seeds can be consumed safely as an occasional treat or in small quantities; however, large-scale consumption such as poppy seed rolls or bagel seasoning should be avoided due to potential cross-contamination from codeine/morphine in their seeds with these foods.

Researchers at the University of Adelaide have made an unexpected discovery: women are more likely to become pregnant when using an old treatment that involves flushing their fallopian tubes with an oil-based contrast solution, like poppy seed oil. A study on 1119 infertile women revealed that 40 percent received oil treatments conceived in six months while 29 percent used water-based therapies.

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