What Is a Stakeholder?


A stakeholder is a person, group, or entity that supports an organization. The term was first used in 1963 in an internal memo at Stanford Research Institute. The term has become synonymous with the stakeholder theory, which R. Edward Freeman developed in the 1980s. In this article, we’ll discuss the types of stakeholders and the impact they have on a project.

Meaning of a stakeholder

When you’re managing a project, you need to consider all of the parties that have an interest in the outcome. These parties could be customers, investors, suppliers, or government agencies. While shareholders have the most important stake in a project, other types of stakeholders exist. Here are some ways to think of them and apply stakeholder management.

The first step in stakeholder mapping is to identify your stakeholders. Next, you should create a list of all the people affected by the project. For example, if you’re developing an app, list the company’s stakeholders and the people involved in the development process. Once you have listed everyone, you’re ready to create a stakeholder map and begin to manage them.

The first stakeholder is your customers. They’re the ones who ultimately determine the success of your business. They directly benefit from the products or services you provide. Customers are the primary stakeholder in most business models, and their support is key to your company’s success. Another stakeholder is your employees. They produce the products and services that make your business successful, so their strategic management is key to maintaining product quality and employee confidence.

Impact of a stakeholder on a project

Stakeholders play an integral part in the success of any project. They are the people whose expectations are related to the project and have something to gain or lose if the project is not completed promptly. Stakeholders can be found in all aspects of a project, from the people involved in the project to the leadership of the organization.

Stakeholder analysis can be done both at the beginning and throughout a project. The primary method involves creating a flip chart, which displays stakeholders’ different expectations and viewpoints. These stakeholder analyses are based on an established stakeholder management theory and empirical data. The main objective of this analysis is to ensure that the project benefits all stakeholders. The methodology also takes into consideration the interest-based and influence-based stakeholder matrix, as well as the stakeholder’s position within the project.

Stakeholders can be internal or external. Internal stakeholders include project sponsors, project team members, and employees. External stakeholders include consumers and users. Identifying and managing the expectations of each stakeholder is essential to successful project management.

Types of stakeholders

In a business, there are different types of stakeholders. These stakeholders are essential to the company’s operations and must work together to ensure success. There are also external stakeholders, including customers, investors, and the media. These groups can affect the company’s operations both directly and indirectly. For instance, changing government laws and regulations can affect how a company does business. Maintaining relationships with these stakeholders is key to a business’s long-term success.

The stakeholders are divided into two groups: primary and secondary. Primary stakeholders are those who directly benefit from the actions of a company, and secondary stakeholders are those who are affected indirectly. For example, a company may have a relationship with a trade union that supports its business. In addition, a company might consult these groups when implementing new policies, ensuring that employees are safe and satisfied, and other issues.

The types of stakeholders vary by type of business. For example, an employee may be a stakeholder because their wages depend on the company’s success. If the company loses money, that employee may lose his job. In addition to employees, there are also external stakeholders, such as government agencies and trade unions.